Here are some brief references from Shia sources of Prophets of Allah (SWT) mourning for Imam Hussain.
1. The first Prophets (Hz Adam-AS) first ever action was to mourn Imam Hussain . – (Bihar-al-anwar, Vol 1, pg 85 – Urdu)
2. The first Zakir of Imam Hussain was Hz Gabriel and the first listener and mourner was Hz Adam . – (Bihar-al-anwar, Vol 1, pg 85-86, Urdu.)